What is atheism?
Atheism comes from Greek and is composed of alpha that 'no' means and theism of the word "theos" which means "god" means. The word "atheist" literally means "without god". It is characterized by the absence of belief in the existence of God or gods. Some atheists believe that all gods (may) exist, others limit their atheism to one specific god, such as the Christian God. The number of atheists worldwide was estimated in 1994 at 240 million, about 4% of the world population.
Atheism is primarily a response or a rejection of religious belief and therefore finds no other philosophical ideas. Atheism is often associated with philosophical ideas as materialism, communism and rationalism. However, there is no necessary connection between these ideas and atheism. Some atheists are opponents of communism and materialism others point out, though almost all modern atheists are materialists.
The French philosopher René Descartes believed in God even though he was a rationalist, but atheists as Jean-Paul Sartre are not counted among the rationalists. Atheism also says nothing about the political preferences. Atheism has nothing to do with Satanism, although it is claimed by some Christians. Atheism fact also points to the existence of or believe in, the devil. Atheists also harbor no hatred towards God (s), Jesus (or saints) or gelovigen
Sometimes there is a distinction between "strong" and "weak" atheism. It is strongly atheïsme characterized by the position that god gods or not (can not) exist. Weak atheism is characterized by the absence of belief in the existence of god (s). An atheist believes that the arguments against the existence of god (s) are much better than the evidence for the existence of god (s). Here are many philosophical, scientific and personal justifications for.
"Calling Atheism a religion is like calling 'bald' a hair color." (Call Atheism a religion is like 'bald' as a hair) Don Hirschberg